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What Is The Difference Between Film And Video

By David Krug 4 minute read

The video was invented in the 1920s, and since then, people have been wondering what the difference is between film and video.

Of course, as video technology advances, there will be more variables to consider, but the most important ones to compare are still personal preference, color accuracy, value range, affordability, and simplicity of use.

Many of Hollywood’s major films are now made on video, although some filmmakers remain steadfast in their preference for film.

How They Perform

Using a chemically sensitive surface, the film captures all of the light passing through the lens. A still image is taken every 24 seconds. You can see them moving as you listen to them.

To quickly grasp the notion, go back to when you used to make multiple identical drawings and then looked through them one by one.

At 24 frames per second, the video additionally captures pictures using CCDs charged coupled devices. Input light is captured by these CCDs, which convert it to digital information. It is the computer’s job to turn that information into visuals.

Color Authenticity

When it comes to replicating colors, the film appears to have an advantage over video. Using reds, greens, and blues captured by video cameras, the spectrum of colors is approximated.

The greens and reds on film are captured as a green-blue and a magenta and yellow, respectively, but the film also catches the general brightness of the light. 

It has been reported by inSync that some colors are added during processing. That leads to a degree of mistake, and the final output is not always the same as the original.

Despite this, people tend to associate the hues with a softer, more comforting mood.  Subtle differences in color saturation between British and American films demonstrate the subjective nature of the production process. To create the desired appearance, video movies are occasionally shot using pantyhose.

Interval of Values

When it comes to painting, you can’t go wrong with a value range chart. Each area of the chart represents a different shade of light that will be used in the piece of artwork.

Artists use a color chart to compare the intensity of the colors they want to paint with. There needs to be a wide spectrum for a realistic painting.

Video has a very limited range of values. Black and white images appear at a specific moment in the film. Because film captures all of the light, it is able to generate images with more contrast and a wider dynamic range.

There will be more contrast between the dark and light areas. Our eyes are trained to distinguish between stationary and moving pictures based on their color differences.

Resolution

A chemically reactive surface records light from film cameras. That picture remains the same regardless of how huge or little the image is.

As the number of pixels accessible in a video camera is fixed, increasing the size of the image will have a significant impact on the quality of the final product.

Cost and Comfort

Purchase of film is required. It is necessary to develop or process the film after exposure. This will take a long time and cost a fortune.

However, video cameras may be connected to PCs and edited right away. Taking apart a film and putting it back together is called splicing. Using a computer, trimming video is a simple matter.

There are several cameras connected to networks of computers and cables as videographers boast about the convenience of filming a motion picture of the video.

Using numerous cameras for different views may be necessary, but they are not networked and do not necessitate the use of digital technicians or multiple transfer stations, as stated by Moviemaker Magazine. There appears to be little difference in cost between the two.

The Art of Moving Image

Here comes subjectivity into play. Video is said regarded as a cold medium since what it records is interpreted in a clinical manner. Some individuals perceive this effect as the truth in photography.

Others like the mistakes and distinctions that filmmaking generates. Steve Bellamy, head of Kodak’s Motion Picture and Entertainment Division, believes that film has a soul and a sense of warmth. 

People in the profession have different opinions on the merits and negatives of the two mediums, he adds, but they all use one term that encompasses the issue for him.

Everyone had one word in common, and that was the term magic, referring to the wonder of cinema. And I’ve never heard that term used in conjunction with video.

The film business is developing new, more capable film cameras. There are a number of significant distinctions between film and video, but many of them boil down to two factors, the type of output the photographer desires, and whether film or video will achieve that goal more effectively.

David Krug

Author