What Does Department Of Justice Do

By David Krug David Krug is the CEO & President of Bankovia. He's a lifelong expat who has lived in the Philippines, Mexico, Thailand, and Colombia. When he's not reading about cryptocurrencies, he's researching the latest personal finance software. 4 minute read

What is the purpose of the Department of Justice?

The Judiciary Act of 1789 established the Office of the Attorney General as a part-time job needing only one person.

The First Congress, which met in New York City in 1789, provided the impetus for the establishment of the Office. 

After much debate and planning, the Judiciary Act was finally signed into law after a long period of time.

According to the legislation, these obligations require the Attorney General to be well-versed or well-versed in the law.

  • Prosecute and supervise all Supreme Court cases involving the United States.
  • Provide legal advice and serve as a legal consultant to the President if he or she so desires.

For a period spanning from 1789 to 1794, Edmund Jennings Randolph served as the nation’s first Attorney General.

Before becoming Attorney General of Virginia in 1786 and Governor of Virginia in 1788, he served as George Washington’s personal aide-de-camp.

Nearly a further century would pass before the DOJ was formally established. July 1, 1870, was a significant date in American history because it was the day Congress approved a law creating the Department of Justice.

There are several law enforcement agencies within the DOJ’s purview these days, including the FBI, the DEA, BTFE, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons, as well as the environmental and natural resources division. 

As part of its responsibility in combating crime, the IRS conducts investigations into financial fraud, oversees the federal prison system, and evaluates the work of local law enforcement organizations. 

As a result, the Department of Justice (DOJ) is responsible for overseeing the operations of the 93 US Attorneys who represent the federal government in courtrooms around the nation.


It’s clear from these numbers that the Department of Justice offers a wide variety of career paths. Aspirations for your career dictate which route you choose.


As a federal agency, the Department of Justice provides a wide range of job options in several fields.

Attorney, criminal investigator, correctional officer, budget analyst, intelligence researcher, contract specialist, information technology expert, and forensic scientist are just a few of the professions included on this list.

The Department of Justice’s website provides a comprehensive list of all of the agency’s field offices around the country.

If you’re a current or future law student, this may be one of the finest ways to go. It’s never too early to begin your career path as a Summer Law Intern if you’re still in school! (SLIP).

A total of 50-70 students in their second year are eligible to apply for SLIP. These are paid positions. Another type of internship is that of a voluntary legal intern.

Approximately 1,800 law students are offered volunteer positions by the Department of Justice each year, with 1,000 positions available during the summer break in school. The DOJ accepts entry-level attorneys upon completion of law school.

Selection criteria include a candidate’s educational and professional background, leadership abilities, participation in mock trials, and clinical experience, to name just a few. The selection process is rigorous.

Department of Justice investigators focus on financial crimes. In order to find evidence of health care fraud, the DOJ uses financial analysts to go through financial and medical information.

Other responsibilities include testifying in court about the examination of corporate records and medical claims data. 

Health care fraud is the focus of this position’s duties. A bachelor’s degree in accounting, finance, economics, mathematics, or a similar field is required for those interested in this career path.

Registered nursing is a career path that might lead to working in a federal correctional facility as a patient care provider.

Assessing and identifying high-risk behaviors in jailed patients may also be part of your job duties in this capacity.

Identifying a person’s risk of self-harm, homicide, or other violent behavior may fall under the purview of this job.

Additionally, you may be eligible for employment as an Education Technician in the Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

With a bachelor’s or master’s degree in educational administration, you may be qualified to work for the Education Department. Inmates’ educational records must be created and maintained as part of their duties. 

In addition to typing certificates for program completions and dealing with schools attended by convicts, secretarial activities are required.

A college degree isn’t required for those who have expertise in producing spreadsheets, assessing training programs, and helping teachers.

A Medical Records Technician, like the one above, does not require a college degree to enter the BOP.

The major responsibility of this position is to check medical records for completeness, consistency, and compliance with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), the Bureau of Prisons, and the medical staff regulations. 

An Associate in Health Informatics (AHI) degree would be beneficial to those who are interested in further study. You’d learn about the use of computer technology to keep track of health records.

Bottom Line

There are several ways to get into the Department of Justice and its numerous divisions.

In addition to the foregoing vocations, there are positions as a materials handler, food service, chefs, correctional officers, health system administrator, secretary, physician assistant, and a program analyst.

While a degree in a relevant subject area may be required for some positions, it isn’t required for many others.

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