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Education

What Are The Best Medical Schools

By David Krug 34 minute read

Overview

Many reputable sources were used to compile this list of the top 25, including Business Insider, Forbes and medical-schools.startclass.com Choosing the best medical school in the United States appears to be a contentious issue. In any case, you’ll find that the tuition at these colleges and universities varies greatly, but they all provide an excellent education. Research is prioritized over primary care at some medical schools and this has an effect on their ranking. It is important to note that the stated tuition is only for tuition purposes. There are additional costs associated with a college education that are not included in this calculation.

Here are some interesting facts to consider for the prospective student who is debating whether or not to apply to medical school.

According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, the median four-year cost of medical school (including expenses and textbooks) was $278,455 for private schools in 2013 and $207,866 for public schools. However, while grants and scholarships help reduce the overall debt to an average of $170,000, while doctors are still finishing their residency programs, interest accumulates and can sometimes add 25 percent to the total debt load. By the time they finish medical school, doctors typically owe $416,216 more in student loan debt than the average college graduate, on top of the previously mentioned loss of potential income. By the time doctors reach their early 30s, they have lost half a million dollars in real and potential losses compared to the average college graduate. Even after deducting the average salary of $48,800 for medical residents, the potential salary loss grows to $674,400. The total cost of attending medical school, including lost opportunities, is around $800,000. This includes the average debt of $170,000 accrued during medical school. As a result, financial rewards for doctors are more like a marathon than a sprint, as it may take them until their early 40s to surpass undergraduates in terms of actual monetary gains.

1. Harvard University

The Harvard Medical School (HMS) is the university’s post-graduate medical school. It’s in the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston’s Longwood Medical Area. On September 19, 1782, John Warren, Benjamin Waterhouse, and Aaron Dexter founded the school, which is the third oldest medical school in the United States. Prior to the construction of Harvard’s famous quadrangle in Boston, classes were held in Harvard Hall in Cambridge. In 1788, the first graduating class consisted of only two students. HMS researchers have won nine Nobel Prizes over the years for their work. In 1934, the first award was given.

Harvard Medical School launched a new curriculum called Pathways in August of this year. Pedagogical approaches that encourage active learning and critical thinking have been incorporated into this new MD curriculum. Students in Pathways begin their medical education with a foundational understanding of anatomical concepts as well as the biochemical basis of life processes at the molecular and cellular level. They also learn about genetics, the immune system, and basic pharmacological principles. There is a long-term clinical course called “The Practice of Medicine,” which is integrated into the basic and social science courses beginning with Introduction to the Profession. It is one of Pathways’ greatest advantages that students can tailor their course of study through Years III and IV to best prepare them for their chosen career path in medicine. Additionally, students may choose to combine their MD with a PhD, MBA, MPH (Public Health), or MPP (Master of Public Policy) (Public Policy). Approximately 18 percent of the 726 MD students at Harvard in 2014-15 are pursuing a joint degree.

$55,850 for four years of college.

The New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC) Commission on Institutions of Higher Education (CIHE) provides regional accreditation.

2. San Francisco State University

The Toland Medical College of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine was founded in 1864. After transferring to UC Berkeley in 1873, it eventually found a new home in Parnassus Heights, where it has remained ever since. In 1907, the first UC hospital was established in the area, which grew into Moffitt-Long Hospitals and later Benioff Children’s Hospital. Four Nobel laureates, 82 National Academy of Medicine members, 64 American Academy of Arts and Sciences members, 41 National Academy of Sciences members, and 17 Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators are among the UCSF School of Medicine’s distinguished faculty.

Two phases of the MD program are intertwined: pre-clerkship years in which students complete the Essential Core curriculum and Clinical Studies, which offers significant inpatient and ambulatory clinical experiences at various sites in the San Francisco Bay Area and beyond. The clinical experience gained through volunteer work with UCSF-affiliated projects is in addition to the clerkships that students take part in. There are nine interdisciplinary block courses that make up the Essential Core, which covers the first 18 months of medical school. Third-year core clerkships and fourth-year rotations make up the Clinical Studies curriculum. Fourth-year students can choose from a wide range of clinical electives as they begin to focus on the specialties that most interest them. In order to graduate from the UCSF School of Medicine, students must pass a total of 239 units, including all required courses.

School fees: $37,297

Association of Schools and Colleges in the West

3. Medical School of the Johns Hopkins University

East Baltimore, Maryland, is home to the Johns Hopkins University East Baltimore campus, which includes the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing. Professor William Henry Welch (1850-1934) was a pathologist and a mentor to future generations of medical researchers at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and Sir William Osler (1849-1919) was a physician known as the “Father of Modern Medicine.” NIH competitive grants have consistently ranked Johns Hopkins as one of the nation’s top medical schools for many years. It’s also worth noting that the School of Medicine has been home to sixteen Nobel Laureates since 1933, all of whom were either students or faculty members at the school.

Medical students, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine receive training that meets the highest professional standards. The Genes to Society curriculum is still used at Johns Hopkins today. Instead of focusing on “normal human biology (health)” and “abnormal physiology (disease), this curriculum presents a new model based on the principles of adaptation to the environment, genotype variability, and stratification of risk. Two years of the Genes to Society curriculum focus on the interplay between biology and social contexts and their effect on the individual. The Transition to the Wards program begins for second-year medical students at the end of March. These courses give students the knowledge and skills they need to be successful in hospital clerkships from the start. Internships in Emergency Medicine, Surgery, Psychiatry, Neurology and Pediatrics are part of the third and fourth years.

$47,250 is the cost of tuition.

Commission on Colleges of the Mid-States (MSCHE)

4. Washington-Seattle University

University of Washington School of Medicine was established in 1946 and serves as a regional resource for Washington, Alaska, Montana and Idaho. Founded in 1946. In terms of medical education and research, it is widely regarded as one of the best institutions in the country. The University of Washington School of Medicine has long been regarded as one of the nation’s best places to train doctors. In addition to AIDS care, the school’s physician training was ranked highly in pediatrics and internal medicine. The joint graduate program in bioengineering and engineering that is run by the College of Engineering came in at No. 9. For their MD program, they have adopted the College System, which emphasizes proficiency in physical examination and diagnosis, clinical reasoning and interpretation, as well as use of informatics (science of computer information systems).

First-year medical students study clinical skills such as how to interview patients, how to take their histories and how to perform a physical examination. The ICM series teaches students how to use these abilities. The required clinical clerkships take up the majority of the third year. Requirements for the third year clerkships include family medicine and internal medicine as well as pediatrics and psychiatry. Surgery is not one of them.

An additional four weeks of Surgery Selectives may be taken in the third or fourth year. Students at the University of Washington School of Medicine are required to complete at least three clerkships outside of the Seattle area because of the school’s regional focus and the importance of gaining clinical experience in a variety of settings. Additionally, you can earn your MD and a master’s degree in health administration, public health, biomedicine, or health informatics simultaneously.

$33,519 in-state; $63,954 out of state (out-of-state)

At the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities: Regional Accreditation

5. Pennsylvania State University

Penn Med, the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania, is known as the Perelman School of Medicine. It is situated in Philadelphia’s University City neighborhood. The Perelman School of Medicine was established in 1765, making it the oldest medical school in the United States. Dr. John Morgan, a graduate of the College of Philadelphia (A.B. 1757) and the University of Edinburgh Medical School, established the medical school in Philadelphia (M.D. 1763). Since its founding in 1865, it has become one of the country’s most renowned medical schools, conducting groundbreaking research and educating the next generation of doctors and scientists. More than 1,100 residents and fellows are currently employed by the medical school, which currently employs over 2,000 faculty members to teach 791 students.

Among the many topics covered by first-year medical students is anatomy in relation to radiology, diagnostics, ultrasound, and the findings of physical exams, as well as basic science and clinical medicine. Interprofessional team-based practices and clinical management of acute and chronic illnesses across all age groups are required for year two and three clinical clerkships. Clinical management of these conditions is also required in year one. Access to five teaching hospitals is included in the curriculum for students. The final 16 months, or Module 5, as it is referred to, requires students to complete a four-week sub-internship in general medicine, general pediatrics, or emergency medicine that allows increased responsibility for patient care. For a minimum of 12 weeks, students must work closely with a faculty member to plan and carry out a research project in the lab, clinic, or community, and then write up and present their findings in a formal paper.

College costs $52,210.

Commission on Colleges of the Mid-States (MSCHE)

6. Michigan State University in East Lansing

U-first M’s professional school, the University of Michigan Medical School, opened in 1850. It cost $5 a year for two years of medical schooling for the first class of medical students. In keeping with the times, no one in the first graduating class had a four-year degree. Instead, medical students were required to know some Greek and Latin in order to be admitted. It was at the University of Michigan Medical School that the clinical clerkship was first introduced in 1899. It was possible for the University of Michigan to set up clerkships at its own hospital because it owned the facility. Privately owned hospitals had previously resisted the incorporation of such clerkships into the curriculum of other medical schools. An approximate total of about 700 medical students are currently enrolled at the University of Michigan. More than 19,000 graduates and M.D.s and M.D./Ph.D.s who completed their residency and/or fellowships at U-M Medical School make up the school’s alumni body of more than 9,000 doctors and scientists.

As part of the Initial Clinical Experience (ICE) in the first month, students are introduced to team-based clinical care and will continue this training throughout the first year of medical school with biweekly, half-day sessions in a variety of clinical settings. Scientific Trunk or Organ-Based Sequences are referred to in the first year as the Scientific Trunk, while the Clinical Trunk is referred to in the second year as Clinical Trunk. The Branch Science Curriculum, which includes more clinical rotations and clinical and professional electives, is offered in years three and four. According to University of Maryland Medical School, their four-year program is based on a proven system that includes a scientific foundation, small-group learning, and in-depth clinical training. M-Home, a program that connects every med student with faculty mentors and peers from all classes, is responsible for this successful program.

$32,700 in-state; $51,116 out-of-state (out-of-state)

Colleges and Schools in the North Central Association

7. OHSU-Portland, Oregon’s Public Health Research Institute

Only eight years after Oregon’s admission to the Union, Willamette University welcomed its first medical students to its Salem, Oregon, campus. As early as 1877, the medical school of Willamette University moves to Portland, Oregon. Founded in Portland in 1887, the University of Oregon Medical Department is the oldest medical school in the state of Oregon. There are no other public academic health centers in the state, but it has grown to be a nationally recognized research university. Health professionals and scientists are trained at this institution, which also offers cutting-edge patient care, volunteerism, and biomedical research opportunities. 2,861 students are enrolled in OHSU degree programs, which are taught by 2,608. An operating budget of $2.2 billion per year is generated by patient care, grants, gifts and contracts for 36 major buildings and eight parking garages. OSHU is a major employer in the state of Oregon.

The OHSU/OSU Collaborative Life Sciences Building opened in August 2014, just in time for the new M.D. curriculum to be introduced (CLSB). Throughout each year, students learn both fundamental scientific principles and clinical applications of those principles. In addition to helping students develop critical thinking and lifelong learning skills, innovative hands-on, team-based learning methods foster deeper understanding and application of knowledge. They intentionally link knowledge and its application in their curriculum. Basic sciences such as anatomy, genetics, pharmacology, and immunology are taught through the lens of clinical and social science applications. Graduates are expected to have mastered a variety of competencies, including interprofessional teamwork, lifelong learning and the integration of direct physical exam findings with laboratory data as well as imaging studies and genetic profiles to develop a diagnosis.

$39,980 (in-state) / $57,972 (out-of-state) (out-of-state)

At the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities: Regional Accreditation

8. Colorado State University in Fort Collins

AMC is one of the country’s newest medical facilities. The University of Colorado Hospital and The Children’s Hospital are world-class campus hospitals with cutting-edge architecture that encourages collaboration among students, researchers, and clinicians. UC Denver’s Aurora campus was renamed the Anschutz Medical Campus in 2006 as a result of a series of gifts totaling $91 million from The Anschutz Foundation. The foundation’s contributions to the university and the University of Colorado Hospital are commemorated by the change in name. Medical schools are rated by US News & World Report every year based on their performance in primary care and research. University of Colorado School of Medicine ranked No. 8 in primary care and No. 35 in research this year, according to this year’s survey results. According to US News and World Report, University of Colorado Hospital (UCH) is the best hospital in the state. Of the nearly 5,500 hospitals in the United States that were surveyed, UCH was ranked as one of the best in 11 adult specialties.

Program requirements are divided into four phases: the Essential Core (Phase I & II), the Clinical Core, and Advanced Studies. The School of Medicine curriculum is broken down into these four sections: (Phase IV). Humanities, Ethics, and Professionalism, as well as Medicine and Society, are intertwined throughout all phases of the curriculum through four major threads: Culturally Effective Medical Care, Evidence-Based Medical Care, and Medical Informatics. The first 18 months of medical school are devoted to the Essentials Core Curriculum (Phases I and II). A wide range of medical specialties are represented in the Clinical Core Curriculum (Phase III), which includes all clinical clerkships. There are 32 weeks in the Advanced Studies Curriculum (Phase IV). Student capstone projects are presented at the end of their 24-week elective period and their four-month long Mentored Scholarly Activity (MSA) rotations, which are all part of the curriculum. All medical students must complete the MSA project during their first four years of study.

$34,639 in-state, $33,704 out of state (out-of-state)

The Higher Learning Commission is a regional accrediting body.

9. Los Angeles, University of California

Group of Southern California physicians pushed hard for University of California to establish its medical presence in Southern California after World War II came to an end. Proponents included Elmer Belt, an esteemed urologist who treated then-Governor Earl Warren among others. University of California Board of Regents voted on October 19, 1945, to establish a medical school at UCLA. It was unanimously passed by the state legislature, and Governor Warren signed it into law. In the fall of 1951, the first group of 28 students enrolled in the medical school, consisting of 26 men and 2 women. Next, the school was given its current name in 2002 after Mr. David Geffen announced a $200 million unrestricted endowment for it. Asylum Records (1970), Geffen Records (1980), and DreamWorks SKG were all founded or co-founded by Mr. Geffen (1994 with Steven Spielberg). An unprecedented $100 million scholarship fund was established by Mr. Geffen and the David Geffen School of Medicine on December 13, 2012.

The medical school at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine (DGSOM) has as its goal to train students for distinguished careers in clinical practice, education, research, and public service. The four-year MD program is broken down into four distinct stages. Beginning in the first week of medical school, the block-based curriculum (Phase I) integrates human biology with disease processes and clinical skills. Using problem-based learning, laboratories, conferences, clinical skills workshops, and independent study, as well as approximately 10 hours of lecture a week, students are exposed to a wide range of clinical scenarios. First, students must complete Clinical Foundations, a two-week course that covers the fundamentals of clinical care, including a review of the physical examination, an introduction to radiology, as well as reports and presentations. As a part of Phase III, fourth-year medical students choose one of five colleges based on career interest or enrollment in specialized programs during the latter part of their third-year. A three-week ICU rotation at the 400 level and a simulation and written assessment at the end of the rotation are required of all senior students.

Tuition is $11,220. (in-state & out-of-state)

Association of Schools and Colleges in the West

10. Chapel Hill campus of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington

It was established in 1879, but medical instruction was already taking place in Chapel Hill before the Civil War, according to historical evidence. University of North Carolina honor graduate Dr. Thomas W. Harris served as dean and anatomy professor from 1885 until his death in 1885. Currently, 37 students are enrolled in the School of Medicine’s undergraduate program. The North Carolina Memorial Hospital (renamed the UNC Hospitals in 1989) opened in 1952 after a series of funding issues, and the first class of 48 students in the School of Medicine’s newly expanded program graduated in 1954 with their M.D.s. Plans for a one million-square-foot expansion and renovation of existing medical school space, including the Neuroscience Research Building, the Bioinformatics Building, and Biomolecular Research Building, were launched in November 2000. Today, the primary teaching hospital for the School of Medicine, UNC Hospitals, is committed to providing high-quality healthcare.

Translational Education at Carolina (TEC) was launched by the School of Medicine in August of this year. For the first two years of medical school, a traditional curriculum is replaced by a 16-month program called the Foundation Phase. During this first stage, the focus is on the fundamentals of science and organ systems. Core clinical clerkships are completed during the Application Phase in psychiatry, neurology, surgery and pediatrics as well as obstetrics and gynecology and internal medicine. An intensive integration course, held monthly, will also be offered to students to help them better understand population health concepts. Final phase is the Individualization Phase, where students are given the opportunity to take electives and conduct research. There are two-week career exploration electives in dermatology, family medicine, otology, pediatrics, diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, and surgery in the school’s Career Exploration in Radiology program. A list of fourth-year electives can be found on this page.

$24,268 in-state; $51,146 out-of-state (out-of-state)

Association of Colleges and Schools in the South (Southern Association)

11. (Stanford, CA)

As the university’s medical school, Stanford University School of Medicine is a prestigious academic institution. Stanford University Medical Center in Stanford, California, is where it’s based. It is the successor to the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific, which was established in San Francisco in 1858 and later renamed Cooper Medical College; Stanford University purchased the medical school in 1908. It is the oldest medical school in the Western United States because of this lineage. Stanford’s School of Medicine underwent rapid expansion in the early years of the 21st century in order to better serve students and clinicians. Since its inception in 2010, the Li Ka Shing Center for Learning and Knowledge has served as a gateway to the School of Medicine and as a model for medical education that incorporates biomedical research, clinical instruction, and advanced information technology. McMaster Medical School in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada developed the multiple mini interview system that Stanford uses to evaluate applicants.

Beginning in 2008, each incoming medical student will be matched with an Educators-4-CARE faculty, who will serve as a teacher, mentor, and colleague for the duration of the student’s time at the School of Medicine. For each class year, each Educator-4-CARE will instruct and guide five to six students.

  • POM (Practice of Medicine) preceptors work with students once a week during their pre-clerkship years to help them improve their patient communication, physical examination, clinical reasoning, and professionalism skills.
  • Through semi-monthly “Doctoring with CARE” sessions, continue to mentor students’ bedside clinical skills and professionalism.
  • Throughout the medical students’ time at Stanford, mentor them and give them regular feedback.
  • Collaborate with others to ensure that all Stanford medical students graduate with a thorough understanding of the fundamentals of patient care

The cost of education is $17,497.

Association of Schools and Colleges in the West

12. Columbia University.

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, or P&S, is a Columbia University graduate school located in the Columbia University Medical Center in Manhattan’s Washington Heights neighborhood. The College of Physicians and Surgeons was the first medical school in the thirteen colonies, and thus the United States, to award the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree, founded in 1767 by Samuel Bard as the medical department of King’s College (now Columbia University). To put it simply, it’s one of America’s most selective medical schools based on MCAT score and GPA as well as acceptance rate. In 2011, 6,907 people applied and 1,158 were interviewed for 169 entry-level positions in the class of 2011. An MCAT score of 35.7 out of a possible 40 was the average score for successful applicants in 2011. New York-Presbyterian Hospital, which U.S. News & World Report ranks as the nation’s sixth-best hospital, is affiliated with Columbia University.

By doing away with the traditional division of years into first, second, third, and fourth, the Columbia Curriculum has revolutionized medical education. In the restructured curriculum, those categories have been replaced by three major segments: Fundamentals, Major Clinical Year, and Differentiation & Integration. Courses like Molecular Mechanisms, Anatomy, and Clinical Medicine Seminars are all part of the fundamentals. Psychiatry and the Body in Health and Disease. MCY features clerkships in major clinical areas paired together to facilitate interaction and continuity and thus enhance clinical experiences.. Mechanisms & Practice, a two-week intersession, divides the ten clerkships. Differentiation and Integration (D&I) is the third and final phase of the curriculum, which includes 14 months of electives and the Scholarly Project. Researchers and medical students are brought together in the Scholarly Projects Program (SPP), which provides opportunities for medical students to work on real-world projects. A scholarly project is required of all students.

$55,418 is the cost of tuition.

Higher Education in the Middle States Commission on Accreditation of Institutions of Higher Education

13. Minnesota State University, Mankato

In the late nineteenth century, three private medical schools in Minnesota’s Twin Cities offered up their charters and combined their programs to form the University of Minnesota Medical School, which was established in the early twentieth century. It was in the early twentieth century that a fourth school was absorbed. The School is the only medical school in the Twin Cities or Duluth as a result of these mergers in 1888 and 1908. In 1972, the Duluth campus was established with a focus on rural primary care and Native American health. In comparison, the Twin Cities campus accepts 170 MD and MD/PhD students each year, with a small class of 60 MD students each year. 44 percent of the school’s alumni practice in communities with populations of less than 25,000. Because of this, the University of Minnesota Medical School is ranked number four in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. It is possible for students to complete their medical education in Duluth, Minneapolis, or St. Paul after completing two years in Duluth through the Rural Physician Associate Program (RPAP).

As a medical student at the University of Minnesota, you’ll spend the first two years of your career learning about science and medicine while completing clerkships. Second-year students take five courses on human health and disease, all of which are aligned with their clinical training. Pathophysiology, pathology, pharmacology, infectious disease, and therapeutics are all included in each course, which is organized around a particular organ system, such as the heart, digestive tract, or kidneys. By participating in the RPAP, students in the Twin Cities, Duluth, or greater Minnesota can complete years 3 and 4 of their education. From Family Medicine to Neurology, you’ll spend 56 weeks rotating through required clerkships. Additional study time is available during the remaining 20 weeks. Up to 40 medical students in their third and fourth years study primary care under the guidance of a local physician each year in rural Minnesota communities (s).

In-state tuition is $25,248; out-of-state tuition is $34,340. (out-of-state)

Colleges and Schools in the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCACS)

14. Wisconsin-Madison University

In 1848, Governor Nelson Dewey included a medical school in his vision for the new University of Wisconsin, which later became the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The University of Wisconsin’s first class of medical students graduated in 1908 with only eight students. Two years of science classes were all that was required for graduation. The University of Washington’s School of Medicine and Public Health has grown into an international, national, and state-wide leader in education, research, and service. The school has a long history of quickly putting new knowledge to use, and we believe that our three core missions of patient care, education, and research have important overlaps. For many years, the University of Wisconsin-Madison has been recognized as one of the nation’s top research universities. The University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, a national award-winning university health center, and the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, one of the country’s largest physician practice groups, are two of the school’s most important partners.

Healthier patients and a more rewarding medical career can be achieved through the integration of public health and clinical medicine, according to the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH) in Madison. It was in 2005 that we renamed the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health because we believe in this approach. The MD curriculum for all medical students includes a population health course where students learn epidemiology, biostatistics and public health principles. There are third year primary care clerkships and fourth year preceptorships throughout the state in which students perform community health assessments and engage in community health projects. The Wisconsin Academy for Rural Medicine also has a rural program (WARM).

$27,259 (in-state) / $33,704 (out-of-state) (out-of-state)

Colleges and Schools in the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCACS)

15. The University of Chicago is the fifteenth university.

Chicago’s first medical school did not open until 1898 despite the university’s existence since that year. President William Rainey Harper of the University of Chicago established a temporary affiliation with the Rush Medical College in order to establish a medical school “when funds shall have been provided,” according to the university’s website. Construction, equipment, and an endowment totaling $5.3 million were allotted at that time. However, development was halted by World War I. In 1921, work on the project was resumed, and it was completed in 1927. The hospitals grew by a factor of two between the 1950s and the 1960s. A 1.2 million square-foot building dedicated to U of C Medicine’s Center for Care and Discovery was inaugurated in 2012, following a name change from the former University of Chicago Hospitals to the University of Chicago Medical Center in 2006. From 1912 to 2011, 12 Nobel Prizes were awarded to graduates and professors of this world-renowned medical school.

In their MD curriculum, the Pritzker School of Medicine places an emphasis on patient care and medical knowledge. Learners demonstrate their understanding of established and evolving medical, clinical, epidemiological and social-behavioral sciences in order to provide appropriate patient care. Anatomy, physiology, and microbiology are the primary topics covered in the first year of study in order to accomplish this goal. These include neurobiology and pathology as well as electives. Each of the eight disciplines has a required clerkship in the third and fourth years of study, which exposes students to a wide range of clinical activities associated with each discipline. Every clerkship has its own set of core competencies, but students also learn how to communicate and conduct themselves with professionalism across all of them. Students must complete 1200 credit units by the end of their fourth year, which includes a Subinternship (inpatient selective), a month-long Senior Emergency Medicine Clerkship, a selective in the Scientific Basis of Medical Practice, and other elective experiences.

$47,673 for four years of college.

Central Association of Colleges and Schools’ Higher Learning Commission

16. Texas A&M University Health Sciences Center

It was founded by a small group of Baylor University alumni physicians who wanted to improve medical care in North Texas. The University of Dallas Medical Department opened its doors to 81 students on October 30, 1900. As a result, Baylor College of Medicine was established as an independent institution in 1969 and renamed as such. Around 185 new students are accepted each year, with the majority of them hailing from Texas. The Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) in Houston, Texas, is the nation’s most affordable medical school. One of the few medical schools in America with an accelerated 1.5-year preclinical curriculum. Baylor College of Medicine, the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the School of Allied Health Sciences, and the National School of Tropical Medicine are all located in the heart of Houston’s medical district. The university’s Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences is ranked as one of the top 25 in the country.

BCM MD students begin working with patients and practicing physicians during the first month of school. In contrast to other medical schools, the pre-clerkship curriculum at Baylor College of Medicine only requires 18 months of classroom time for science courses (as opposed to two years at most schools). As part of the pre-clerkship training program, students have the opportunity to practice their clinical skills in a small group setting with modern technology and direct patient contact. Students will be able to tailor their education to their specific interests and needs thanks to the extra six months. Each of the eight specialized tracks at Baylor College of Medicine is geared toward helping students find a path that best suits them. For instance, there is the Global Health Track, a four-year program for medical students interested in obtaining the Certificate of Knowledge in Clinical Tropical Medicine. To top it all off, BCM offers four different dual-degree options, including a medical doctorate along with a doctorate in law or a master’s degree in public health (law).

Tuition: $6,550 for in-state students; $19,650 for out-of-state students (non-resident)

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools is the regional accrediting body.

17. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

It is one of the five campuses of the University of Massachusetts (UMass) system, the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS). The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the School of Medicine, and the Graduate School of Nursing are all housed in Worchester, Massachusetts. UMMS was founded in 1962 with the goal of increasing the number of primary-care physicians in the Commonwealth’s underserved areas while also making medical school accessible to residents at a reasonable cost. In 1970, the first 16 students were admitted to the School of Medicine. US News & World Report consistently ranks it as one of the best medical schools for primary care education in the country. The 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to UMMS professor Craig C. Mello, PhD, and his Stanford University colleague Andrew Fire, PhD, for their work in the field of molecular genetics. Students at Harvard Medical School’s School of Medicine will be prepared to practice in the public sector and in underserved areas of the state of Massachusetts.

As of August of 2010, the UMass Medical School’s LInC (Learner-centered Integrated Curriculum) program went into effect. During the first and second years of the MD program, students take courses known as the Foundations of Medicine (FOM). Building Working Cells and Tissues (BWCT) and Development, Structure and Function (DSF), as well as Organ System Diseases (OSD) and The Brain, are part of FOM1. A total of 48 weeks of curriculum are divided into three 16-week thematic sections in Year 3 of the Core Clinical Experiences (CCE). Perioperative and maternal care are also included in these sections, which include care for adults, families, as well as pediatrics and psychiatry (Surgery and Obstetrics & Gynecology). In the spring of the third academic year, advanced studies begin and continue into the fourth year. The Subinternship, an Advanced Biomedical and Translational Sciences selective, an Emergency Clinical Problem Solver course, the Capstone course (as a pilot initially and a requirement starting with the class of 2016), and Transition to Internship experience are all included in the required components.

Eight thousand three hundred and fifty two dollars

Schools in the New England region are accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.

18. Lowa State University

Dr. Washington Freeman Peck of Davenport, Iowa was the driving force behind the establishment of Iowa City’s medical school in the late 1860s. On September 20, 1870, 37 students, including eight women, enrolled in the college’s first class. The first university teaching hospital west of the Mississippi River, the University Hospital, was established in 1898. It is expected to grow to be the largest university-owned institution in the United States in the near future. It was renamed in 2001 in honor of Roy and Lucille Carver, who have given more than $90 million to support patient care and medical research. More than half of Iowa’s 5,000 practicing physicians received their medical training at Carver College of Medicine, making it a leader in primary care and research. The 11 buildings that make up the UI Carver College of Medicine have a combined gross square footage (gsf) of approximately 1,392,850. In 2014, the Pappajohn Biomedical Discovery Building, a 250,000 SF facility devoted solely to medical research, was inaugurated.

There are three strands that make up the Carver College of Medicine’s four-year medical doctorate degree curriculum, each of which is linked to the other two. Mechanisms of Health and Illness, Medicine and Society, and Clinical and Professional Skills are the three pillars of this program. Three strands of medicine will be taught to students in a way that is similar to how they will actually practice medicine. There are six basic internal mechanisms that assist in maintaining good health that are covered in the Mechanisms of Health and Disease (MOHD) strand. There are separate MAS courses in the first 18 months, as well as content embedded in clinical clerkships. Individuals and populations benefit enormously from the expertise of physicians and other health care providers who put their training and experience to good use. In a third strand of the curriculum, Clinical and Professional Skills, these medical professional skills and expected professional behaviors will be taught (CAPS). Separate courses for each of the first 18 months will be offered, followed by integrated content during clinical clerkships.

$16,766 in-state, $25,301 out of state (out-of-state)

Colleges and Schools in the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCACS)

19. Pittsburgh State University

Even in its early years of operation, the School of Medicine sought university affiliation as the Western Pennsylvania Medical College, a free-standing institution founded by local physicians in 1886. It became a part of the Western University of Pennsylvania in 1891 before being renamed the University of Pittsburgh in 1922.. University Health Centers were established in the post-World War II era, and the first vice chancellor of the Schools of Health Professions was appointed in 1953. Federal grants and contracts awarded to the School’s faculty are currently ranked among the nation’s top 20 institutions. Currently, the School of Medicine has 31 distinct departments, ranging from traditional ones like anesthesiology, pediatrics, and orthopaedics to more recent ones like cardiothoracic and plastic surgery, biomedical informatics, emergency medicine, and computational, systems, and developmental biology. These newer scientific programs integrate advanced concepts in these and other fields. The Academy of Master Educators has recognized the outstanding work of 86 current members of the medical school faculty for their contributions to medical education.

The preclinical sciences at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (UPSOM) are taught using an integrated organ systems approach and a combination of lecture and problem-based learning. One-third of class time is allocated to lectures, one-third to small group work (of which much is problem-based learning), and one-third to extracurricular activities in the first two years of the curriculum. For example, the latter focuses on patient care as well as community service, visits with standardized patients, and laboratory practice. Eight clerkships are a requirement for third-year students. As part of the fourth year curriculum, students participate in a four-week “acting internship” during which they conduct an initial history and physical examination, develop a differential diagnosis, craft a treatment plan with accompanying treatment orders, and perform any necessary therapy. The Integrated Life Science (ILS) Program is also offered to students in their fourth year, which includes a selection of courses that revisit some aspect of basic science. One of the eight ILS courses must be completed by each student.

$50,010 for the cost of education

Higher Education in the Middle States Commission on Accreditation of Institutions of Higher Education

20. UC San Diego is the twenty-first in the list.

In La Jolla, California, the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine (UCSD) serves as the University of California’s graduate medical school. The first students arrived in 1968, and the first diplomas were awarded in 1972. As a result of the school’s aggressive recruitment efforts, it quickly established itself as an elite medical school. National Board for Medical Examiners Step 1 Examination: 1971’s inaugural class had the highest score of all time. Science and social science faculty at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) rank 4th in the world in terms of citation impact. To name a few, the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) places UAB’s School of Medicine in second place for clinical medicine, third place for pharmaceutical sciences, fourth place for cellular biology and genetics, as well as tenth place for mental health sciences. In the most recent first-year medical school class, 125 new students were admitted, making it a small medical school. In addition to a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree, UCSD also offers MD/PhD, MD/MPH, and MD/Masters dual degree programs.

The Integrated Scientific Curriculum, or “ISC,” was adopted by the medical school in 2010. Clinical medicine and medical science are introduced in the first quarter of this course to cover health and disease in relation to human organ systems. The ISC is based on six Academic Communities (ACs) at the UCSD School of Medicine. One of the ACs will be the home for each new medical student during their time at the university. As a result, each AC would have approximately 21 medical students from each class/year and approximately 84 medical students. A faculty director oversees the activities of each neighborhood. The Preclerkship Core Courses, which take up years one and two, include a wide range of subjects. In year three, students must complete the Clinical Core Courses, which last anywhere from four to twelve weeks. Direct Patient Care (DPC) Clerkships at UCSD or a UCSD affiliated hospital are required for all fourth-year students.

There is a $36,987 fee for the course (includes health insurance)

Association of Schools and Colleges in the West

21. University of Missouri-St. Louis (Washington)

Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM), the medical school of Washington University in St. Louis, was established in 1891 and is situated on 164 acres in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1914, St. Louis’ Central West End neighborhood was permanently relocated to its current location, and in 1918, the School of Medicine was officially renamed in recognition of its medical education. 1,360 students are enrolled in the medical school, with 602 of them in the MD, MD/PhD, or MA/MD programs at the time of this writing in 2014. At Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children’s Hospital, 1,250 clinical faculty members provide care to more than 430,000 children and adults each year. Located on the Washington University Medical Center’s campus, both hospitals have national and international reputations as premier teaching institutions (2014 data). According to an economic model maintained by the St. Louis Regional Commerce and Growth Association, the medical center generates an annual economic impact of nearly $4.4 billion for the St. Louis area.

The MD program at WUSM focuses on six key areas:

  1. Scientific principles of medicine and human biology as well as the causation and epidemiology of diseases are all included in medical knowledge
  2. The ability to provide appropriate patient care in a multidisciplinary environment.
  3. Communication and Interpersonal Skills – the ability to interact with patients and members of the medical community in an effective manner
  4. Professionalism is characterized by a commitment to high ethical standards and a consideration for the needs of patients from a wide range of backgrounds.
  5. Awareness of the larger context and health care system and its impact on patients and medical practice is referred to as Systems-Based Practice (SBP).
  6. Continuous improvement of patient care skills through practice-based learning and self-evaluation

College costs: $54,050

The Higher Learning Commission is a regional accrediting body.

24. University Of Tennessee

A medical school in Nashville, Tennessee, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine is located in the Vanderbilt University Medical Center. In February 1875, Vanderbilt University issued its first diplomas to 61 Doctors of Medicine thanks to an agreement that recognized the medical school of the University of Nashville as serving both institutions. The Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt ranked nationally in nine pediatric specialties in the most recent U.S. News & World Report rankings. Truven Health Analytics named Vanderbilt University Medical Center as one of the nation’s top 100 hospitals for the 15th consecutive year in 2014. There are 237 US nursing programs, and our School of Nursing ranks in the top 25. As of this year, there are currently 632 students in the School of Medicine, with 91 MD degrees awarded.

Academically exceptional students with characteristics and achievements that suggest they will go on to be future leaders and/or scholars in medicine are sought after by the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (VUSM). In order to achieve this, VUSM has a number of faculty members who are broadly representative of the faculty review each candidate. Curriculum 2.0, a new system of learning at VUSM, has revolutionized medical education. As a result of this collaboration, new students will be better prepared for leadership roles in the health care industry. The course work, clinical rotations, and research experiences are all part of a comprehensive curriculum that spans a student’s time in medical school. Medical knowledge, clinical care, research, and the provision of health care are all part of this program’s foundations. The National Institutes of Health’s competitively awarded research funding places our biomedical research program among the nation’s top ten most successful programs for medical students. In addition, Vanderbilt University’s Medical Scientist Training Program provides students with a strong foundation in medicine and extensive training in scientific inquiry, paving the way for future faculty and research positions.

How much does it cost?

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools is the regional accrediting body.

23. Texas Southwestern State University at Dallas

A small medical college founded in 1943 has grown into a multifaceted academic institution that is nationally recognized for its excellence in training physicians, biomedical scientists, and health care workers, all of whom are trained at UT Southwestern Medical Center. When Baylor University decided to relocate its medical school from Dallas to Houston in 1943, the Foundation officially established Southwestern Medical College as the United States’ 68th medical school. All three of the UT Southwestern medical schools, the UT Southwestern Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, and the UT Southwestern School of Health Professionals are part of the Medical Center currently. A total of 23 members of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and 19 members of the National Academy of Medicine (previously the Institute of Medicine) are members of the NAS. The faculty has also produced six Nobel laureates, four of whom are still on the faculty today. More than 10.9 million square feet of space have been added to the university, and another 1.4 million square feet are currently under construction. In both research and primary care, the medical school is among the best in the country (U.S. News & World Report).

While focusing on biomedical sciences and human body structure, their new medical school curriculum incorporates normal as well as abnormal structures and functions of primary organ systems into their training program. Pre-Clerkship, Clerkship, and Post-Clerkship are all distinct but complementary parts of the new curriculum, which has been reworked. Beginning in August and lasting until the end of year 2, pre-clerkship is a two-year program. Integrated Medicine takes up the majority of my time. Years two and three of clerkship begin in January and last through June. There are 48 weeks in total dedicated to clinical core blocks in this phase of the program. Years 3 and 4 are referred to as post-clerkship. The Back-to-Basics (BTB) course that follows the clerkships offers new perspectives on the significance of biomedical sciences as a foundation for clinical medicine, which is integrated into the latter phase. As a result, all students will have to complete a twelve-week scholarly activity, in which they must produce a product for evaluation. Opportunities exist for additional activities that would lead to an M.D. degree with Distinction as well as combined degrees such as the M.D/Ph.D, MMD-MBA, and MMD-MPH, all of which can lead to a doctorate in medicine and health care management.

Fees are included in the tuition of $20,441 for residents and $33,512 for non-residents.

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools is the regional accrediting body.

24. The Mayo Clinic College of Medicine of the University of Minnesota

The Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, houses the Mayo Medical School, a medical school and research institute. The first Mayo Medical School class, comprised of 40 students chosen from 473 applicants, entered in 1972. Mayo Clinic is ranked No. 1 in more specialties than any other U.S. hospital in the 2015-2016 U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals list, and students are trained in a world-class environment. Mayo Medical School’s M.D. program accepts 46 students out of more than 4,500 applicants each year. As a result of the Mayo Medical School’s presence in Minnesota and Florida, as well as the Mayo Clinic Health System’s presence in Wisconsin, Iowa, and Georgia, as well as joint educational ventures with local health care organizations, medical students have access to a diverse range of clinical experiences. In 2015, U.S. News & World Report named Mayo Medical School as one of the country’s 10 most affordable private medical schools.

It’s a powerful, life-changing educational experience at Mayo Medical School’s M.D. Program, which has a class size of 50 students and 2,000 faculty members. A pass/fail evaluation system in Year 1 and Year 2 that eliminates competition for grades promotes active and cooperative learning styles. For a period of three to seven weeks, each student focuses on a single subject. As the name suggests, these courses are referred to as “blocks.” As part of the first-year curriculum, students take nine blocks. Eight blocks in the second year cover organ systems, pathology, diagnostics, and treatment. Three weeks of basic science integration are sandwiched between the seven required clinical clerkships of Year 3 and a research project. The fourth academic year has a total of 45 weeks. Subinternships in Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, and Elective Rotations form the core of the curriculum. In addition to general electives, students must complete one course from each of the following categories: medicine, pediatrics, and surgery.

The cost of education is $47,470 per year.

Colleges and Schools in the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCACS)

25. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Duke University School of Medicine (Duke Med) was founded in 1925 by James B. Duke and has grown into one of the world’s leading medical care and research organizations. Among the 5,700 U.S. hospitals, US News and World Report consistently places Duke University Medical Center in the top 10, with 13 of its 16 specialties being among the top 20 in the country. The Association of American Medical Colleges ranked Duke among the nation’s top 25 percent of medical schools in 1935, just five years after it opened. The Duke Medical School admissions process is extremely competitive, with only 3.5% of those who apply being accepted into the class of 2015. (7165 applied, 750 interviewed, 253 accepted, for a final class size of 115). The 2015 matriculants had an average GPA of 3.82, which included 60 men and 55 women from 31 states and 51 colleges and universities. More than 2,000 and 1,600 MDs, health professionals, and PhD students, respectively, teach the selected medical students.

Educating future doctors at Duke University is part of the university’s overall goal to produce well-rounded medical professionals capable of advancing biomedical research and making a positive impact on the health of people in their communities, the nation, and the world. The first year of medical school introduces students to the fundamental sciences, which are comprised of four interdisciplinary courses. Two Selective periods and a summative Clinical Skills assessment are part of the second year’s rotations in the core clerkships, as well as a Health Policy/Global Health course. In the third year of medical school, students will complete their clinical electives and spend 10 to 12 months conducting research. Instead of doing research, some students opt to do a dual degree program. Students must complete 28 hours of coursework in their fourth year, which includes a four-week sub-internship worth five credits, a four-week elective in critical care, and the Capstone course. In order to get ready for their first year of residency, all students must take a longitudinal Capstone course.

Amount Owed for Education: $39.500

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools is the regional accrediting body.

David Krug

Author