Car Insurance

Your Auto Liability Insurance Shows Policy Limits Of $100,000/$300,000 This Means

By Peter Mondrose Peter Mondrose is the Head of Insurance Content at Bankovia. He received his degree in Economics in 1998 and a second degree in Journalism in 2004 from the University of Chicago. Most recently he served as Head of Content at, and editor at 7 minute read

Damages might be collected from you if you cause an accident. As a result, it’s impossible to drive without having liability insurance (plus most states require it). In the case of a collision, drivers in every state are legally obligated to pay for anybody else’s injuries and damages. Almost every state mandates that liability insurance be obtained from an insurance provider as a form of this obligation.

As a first-time driver or someone who wants to better understand what vehicle insurance covers, liability insurance is a smart place to begin. Most states mandate it as a minimum requirement, and it’s also one of the most expensive options available when purchasing a car insurance policy.

To begin, let’s examine what liability insurance is and what it protects against. Liability insurance After that, we’ll look at how it relates to your policy and why it’s a need.

What is Liability Insurance coverage?

Car insurance with a liability component protects policyholders from financial loss as a result of bodily injury or property damage caused by the insured to others. The terms “bodily injury liability” and “property damage liability” are used interchangeably when referring to the two distinct forms of liability insurance included in most motor policies.

Bodily injury liability

Your bodily injury liability insurance will cover the costs of medical treatment and other expenses linked to the injuries or death that you or a covered motorist on your policy cause. While auto insurance is needed in the majority of states, each state establishes its own minimum coverage requirements for drivers.

Property damage liability

Property damage liability is another type of automobile insurance that’s mandated by law in most states. Insurance policies that provide property damage coverage will pay for the costs incurred when you or someone covered by your policy causes damage to another person’s property. In most cases, this implies causing harm to another person’s car, but it can also encompass the destruction of property such as fences, lamp posts, trees, and other structures in the vicinity of the target area as well.

What does liability insurance cover?

Liability insurance is primarily intended to shield third parties from the harm you may do while operating a motor vehicle. Damage to someone else’s property and medical bills are covered by liability insurance if you’re judged to be at fault.

The average bodily injury claim in 2018 was $15,785, according to the Insurance Information Institute (III). There was a $3,841 average claim for property damage. An automobile accident’s typical liability costs are shown below, although the number of a victim’s injuries and property damage cannot be predicted. Just by looking at those averages, it’d cost a lot of money to pay out of your own pocket.

Our litigious society makes it possible for someone to initiate a lawsuit against you if you’re found to be at fault in a major accident. As a result, you may want to go above and beyond the state’s minimal need for insurance to safeguard your own assets, such as your house and retirement funds. Additionally, if an injured person files a lawsuit against you, liability auto insurance can assist cover your legal fees. Consider all of this while deciding on your vehicle insurance coverage limits.

Coverage limits

In terms of liability insurance, you have the option of selecting either a single combined limit or many separate limits. For bodily injury liability, split limits are typically referred to as per person and per accident limitations. According to this example, if your bodily injury limit is set at $100,000/$300,000, your insurer will only pay out $100,000 to anyone affected party in the event of a covered loss. Only $300,000 in damages will be paid to all wounded parties from this one tragedy.

Liability limitations for property damage generally appear as an extra number in insurance with a split limit. This figure may appear on your insurance as a stand-alone or in conjunction with your bodily injury liability limitations. As an illustration, your policy may state $100,000/$300,000/$50,000 for bodily injury liability and $50,000 for property damage liability, respectively. When an accident damages your property, your insurance company will only pay up to this amount.

One number describes the total amount of your bodily injury and property damage liability coverage limits when you have a combined single limit. This is the most you’ll have to pay out in total for injuries and damage to other people’s property as a result of a single accident. Suppose you select a combined single limit of $500,000, which means that if you cause an accident that injures or damages someone else’s property, your insurance provider will pay up to $500,000.

Liability insurance for bodily harm and property damage is the most expensive type of automobile insurance. The provider and restrictions you select will have an impact on the exact cost of these protections. Your insurance premium will increase as a result of your choice of coverage.

What doesn’t liability insurance cover?

The losses you cause to others are covered by your liability insurance, not your own injuries or property damage. Aside from uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage, PIP, comprehensive, and collision coverage are all meant to protect you in the case of a collision with another vehicle or object.

Do you need liability insurance?

Liability insurance is beneficial to everybody who drives a car. It’s necessary by law in the majority of states, although there are a few exceptions. Liability insurance is not required in New Hampshire or Virginia.

  • To avoid obtaining insurance in New Hampshire, you must be able to demonstrate that you have enough money to fulfill New Hampshire Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Requirements. If you have insurance, you must meet the same minimum liability requirements: $25,000 per person, $50,000 per accident, and $25,000 per property damage.
  • Drivers in Virginia might face a $500 cost for driving without insurance. This permits drivers to take the risk of driving an uninsured car. In the case of an at-fault accident, they are still held liable.

Liability insurance is a smart idea even if your state does not force you to get it. Being held personally liable for an accident may be extremely expensive. If you’re sued for carelessness, having enough liability insurance might shield you from financial disaster. In certain states, you may be compelled to buy more than the bare minimum. If you’re unsure of the minimum amount of liability insurance required in your state, you can contact the insurance department to find out.

In general, you should get the most coverage you can afford for your automobile insurance. You should get enough liability insurance to protect your assets.

Liability Car insurance for business owners

In order to run a successful business, you need the same type of insurance coverage for your personal and business cars. This covers the mandatory liability insurance for personal injury and property damage as mandated by the state. Even if you run a tiny business, you must have commercial auto insurance for your business vehicles (also sometimes called business vehicle insurance).

State-mandated minimum liability insurance coverage requirements for both business and personal vehicle policies are normally the same, although suggested coverage amounts tend to be greater under a commercial auto policy. The reason for this is that commercial cars are more likely to be involved in an accident and hence require additional protection.

Protecting your business and revenue requires this form of insurance. For commercial cars, the III recommends a $1 million liability insurance policy with a minimum of $500,000. Liability insurance for corporate cars is typically a single limit, unlike personal auto plans that employ split limits.

The III also points out that a larger coverage level does not often boost your premium considerably, given the amount of additional protection it offers. To put it another way, if you can get extra coverage without jacking up your rates, you should do so. It’s a good idea to obtain the most insurance coverage available, just like you would for a personal automobile policy.

When you might require umbrella insurance coverage.

Even if you’re found at fault for an accident, the liability coverage provided by your auto insurance policy will only pay up to the policy’s limitations. This is more than enough for most people. Umbrella insurance, on the other hand, maybe a good option for people who are concerned about liability claims.

In the event that you’ve exhausted the liability coverages in your car, homeowners, and/or renters policies, an umbrella policy, also known as umbrella insurance or an umbrella liability policy, kicks in. After you’ve exhausted your bodily injury and property damage liability coverages in an automobile policy, umbrella insurance would kick in.

A yearly personal umbrella insurance coverage for $1 million costs between $150 and $300. Every additional $1 million in insurance coverage costs an average of $75, and every subsequent $1 million costs an average of $50. An excellent idea for anyone who has substantial assets that are not protected by the liability limitations of vehicle insurance is to get an umbrella policy because of the relatively low cost of the coverage.

Bottom Line

Despite the fact that liability insurance is mandated in the vast majority of states, most motorists should have it anyway. To put yourself and your family in danger by driving without enough liability coverage is simply not worth the risk.

To save money on automobile insurance, bear in mind that changing your liability insurance coverage might affect your prices while you’re searching for a new policy. However, you should not compromise on your insurance coverage in order to save money. Taking this risk will leave you open to attack whenever your car is on the move.

Car insurance may be saved by shopping around for the best rates. Talk to an insurance agent or compare quotes online to discover the best auto insurance for you. It’s possible that switching vehicle insurance companies is the best way to receive the greatest rate. Switching to a more expensive plan may seem like a bad idea at first.

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